A Basic Understanding of Corporate Law

A society needs laws to keep the peace and to keep the values and morals of that society in check. And with a vast and complicated legal system, comes a need for people to specialize in each category of law.

Some of these categories include:

  • Criminal law
  • Corporate law
  • Immigration law
  • Family law
  • Civil litigation
  • Bankruptcy law
  • Personal injury law

Zayouna Law is a firm that is highly respected and trusted in dealing with corporate law, and going to a specialized legal team will help you get the best representation possible.

What is corporate law?

The definition of a corporation is “a body formed and authorized by law to act as a single person although constituted by one or more persons and legally endowed with various rights and duties including the capacity of succession.” It sounds intense, but in layman terms, a corporation has most of the same rights and responsibilities that an individual possesses.

Corporate or business law is the form of law that governs the formation, dissolution and governance of corporations. There are some exceptions for some corporations that are not governed in the same way. Charities, universities and cities can be incorporated, but corporate law is primarily concerned with corporations that are for profit.

How can corporate lawyers help their clients?

The three major issues that corporate law deals with include conflicts between outside creditors of the company and its shareholders, conflicts between shareholders and corporate managers, and conflicts between majority and minority shareholders.

There are a few main strategies corporate lawyers employ to try and resolve conflicts between managers and shareholders. The law imposes on managers and directors the duty of being fair, diligent and loyal to their shareholders. They also give shareholders the ability to obtain assistance from the courts when they believe there has been an abuse of power in management. Also, they require that the corporation discloses all important information to their shareholders. Corporate lawyers help all stakeholders execute these rights and responsibilities.

What you need to know about corporate lawyers

First off, a lot of the work corporate lawyers do is not in a courtroom. Essentially, they do most of their job behind a desk or mediation table. Corporate lawyers prepare various documents, conduct research for their clients ahead of important transactions, draft documents and maybe most importantly, walk their clients through legal documents and make sure they fully understand what they are signing.

Corporate lawyers have to be able to go from the mundane, like working on standard contracts to managing world-shaking acquisitions and mergers. The best corporate lawyers are able to cover both ends of the spectrum with skill and tenacity.

Corporate lawyers are extremely important in keeping companies and their shareholders in check, while also making sure everyone is honest and on the same page. It might not be the flashiest type of lawyer, but it is an integral job to our society, where corporations need to be held accountable for their actions, much like an individual should be as well.

If you’re interested in getting into corporate law or learning more, read this  on one person’s passion for corporate law.

Replacement window installation by professional

Five Benefits of Installing New Windows

Are you in need of new windows or are you considering a replacement window installation? Either way, it’s important to ensure that your windows are working efficiently. Old windows can be prone to drafts, can reduce energy efficiency, and can decrease the effectiveness of your design.

With the right windows, you can:

Maximize Daylight

One of the main purposes of windows in your home is to let natural light into space. Your home feels brighter and fresher with more natural light entering your rooms.

Skylights are a great way to do this – they increase the amount of light entering your home by 30%. Skylights help balance the light that is coming through your windows and therefore reduces glare and creates a more open feeling. Bay windows are another popular option to help you maximize daylight throughout your home.

Did you know that as you age, your eyes require double or triple the amount of light to see? This means an investment in installing or replacing your windows to let in more natural light is an investment in your vision!

Energy Efficiency

By allowing more natural light into your home, you will reduce the number of hours using other electrical light sources. The benefits of this are twofold. First, it will help you save on your monthly utility bill as a result of cutting your electricity consumption. Secondly, solar energy is a renewable resource that can help light and heat your home without causing negative damage to the environment.

Visual Appearance

Many interior decorators suggest bow windows, bay windows, and skylights simply for their visual appeal. These options add longevity in the décor world making them a smart investment aesthetically. In turn, the increased sunlight will highlight other décor efforts you have made.

More Privacy

Cities are becoming increasingly dense and finding a home that does not have a neighbour directly next door (and visible through a window) is often difficult. The main downside to this trend is a lack of privacy within the home. Often, people feel that they are on display for their neighbours through their windows.

To fix this problem, people install blinds that they keep closed much of the time. When the blinds are closed, the amount of natural light entering your home is limited.

Double hung windows or casement windows that are positioned high on the wall are popular ways to increase privacy in areas like a bedroom or bathroom, but arguably installing skylights is the only way to ensure you still receive sunlight while also maintaining complete privacy.

In new homes that are being built, it is often suggested to install just skylights in rooms such as the bathroom and the bedroom where you desire increased levels of privacy.

Overall Wellbeing

have shown that sunlight and vitamin D increase overall well-being. With a sufficient amount of sunlight, you are likely to be in a better mood, feeling healthier and happier overall. Large double-hung windows, casement windows and skylights can help with this even in the winter when it is too cold for you to spend a lot of time outdoors. Instead, you can soak up the sun’s rays and natural light from the comfort of your own home.

Next time you are ready for new windows or a replacement window installation, consider trying a new style of window! You won’t regret taking advantage of the benefits large casement windows, double hung windows and skylights offer, including increased light, improved energy efficiency, heightened levels of privacy, and overall happier, healthier way of life!

Ways To Get Your Vehicle Ready For Winter

It’s coming… snow, ice and slush-covered roads slowing down our daily commutes, but we have time to consider how we can prepare our vehicle to drive as safely as possible this winter. Here are a few things that should be done before that fluffy, white stuff engulfs the roads – and our lives!

Winter Tires are a MUST

There seems to be some confusion around if winter tires make a difference or not. Though they aren’t mandatory in Ontario, they are recommended by the government. And if you’re on the fence about them, check out this video and decide for yourself.

Winter tires should be put on when the daily temperature hits around 7 degrees C. You should make sure you get four of the same size, make and model for optimal performance, and make sure you keep them at the right pressure. And unless you’re a mechanic, you should have a professional put the tires on for you. An added bonus (besides possibly saving your life) is that you can save around 5% on fuel and your insurance by having them. What could be better than being safe and saving a little money? More info on why winter tires are vital can be found here.

Get your brakes checked out

Those new winter tires aren’t going to be at their sharpest if your brakes need work. If they are squeaky or if you have to hammer the brake pedal to the floor, you should look at getting new brakes or brake pads.

If you’re looking for brakes in Mississauga, check out Xtreme Tire Garage for brakes, tires and a whole lot more.

The statistics on winter accidents in Ontario are staggering. In addition to ensuring your tires and brakes are working properly, remember to always leave multiple car lengths in front of you at all times. brake when making a turn and if you have anti-lock brakes (ABS), make sure you don’t “pump” them, but keep an even amount of pressure on the pedal. Also, always give yourself extra time when driving in winter. We know a large percentage of accidents happen when people are speeding or in a hurry. So, relax, drive cautiously and get to where you need to go safely.

Should you rustproof your car?

Rustproofing is one of those things that has gotten a bad rap. It has become a joke involving greasy car salespeople trying to bilk you out of some extra cash, but if you know anything about rust, then you know that it can eat away at the underbelly of your car. Salt, sand and other ice-melting solutions can wreak havoc on your undercarriage. Vital components of your car, such as the gas tank, suspension, muffler and exhaust, can be eaten away by rust, and cost you a fortune in repair bills. And yes, there is a difference between rustproofing and undercoating.

To go along with getting the outside of your car ready, you should also look at what you can do on the inside to prepare for winter. All cars should have an emergency kit in the trunk. These items can come in handy if you ever get stuck out somewhere in bad weather. Blankets, a first-aid kit, matches and some non-perishable food items are essential. Be prepared, but most importantly: be safe this winter.

How To Find A Professional Personal Injury Lawyer in Toronto

Finding a great personal injury lawyer is key in helping you get the compensation you are seeking following an injury. Being involved in an accident is a physically and emotionally debilitating experience and the personal injury process that follows can be incredibly taxing. Thus, it’s important to hire an attorney you trust to represent your interests whilst helping to facilitate a comfortable legal process.

The following tips can help you find a great personal injury lawyer to handle your case so you can feel confident that a solid claim will be built on your behalf.

Pick a firm that does personal injury law exclusively.

Personal injury law is an intricate and complex field. Therefore, it is vital to put your case in the hands of someone who is proficient with handling personal injury cases. While you may know a lawyer who is extremely successful within their field of work, such as divorce law or corporate law, they lack the experience necessary to try personal injury cases in court. This often leads to insurance companies low-balling accordingly, so it’s best to choose an attorney who specializes in personal injury to ensure good quality representation. Apart from this, try to select a personal injury lawyer with a proven history of high verdicts and settlements who is willing to let you contact past clients if you wish.

Choose an attorney that is willing to take your case to trial if necessary.

Be sure to choose a lawyer that has a history of taking personal injury cases to trial if necessary. It may seem obvious, but in fact, many attorneys who handle personal injury claims have never been to trial so they pressure their clients to settle for a pittance. Insurance companies tend to be very aggressive so you want to hire a lawyer who can stand his or her ground and is willing to go to trial to prevent them from making outlandish offers and ensuring they are cooperative in trying to settle your case.

Ensure a level of professionalism and willingness to answer your questions.

When choosing an attorney to take on your case, you want to look for a set of traits which indicate compassion, practicality, and effectiveness. Look around their office and ensure it appears professional. Many personal injury cases tend to be costly and time-consuming to prepare so they should have enough resources to properly build your case. Additionally, it’s important not to overlook the personality of the attorney as you will likely be spending a significant amount of time working together. Look for someone who is attentive and willing to thoroughly outline the entire process. Also, it’s important they are able to explain complicated legal terms in a simple and comprehensible matter. You should avoid a lawyer who seems impatient or dismissive when you are asking questions and gives unrealistic compensation guarantees.

If you were hurt in an accident and are looking for a personal injury lawyer in Toronto, contact Zayouna Law Firm.


3 Tips For Maintaining Your Furnace & Air Conditioner

While summer isn’t quite over yet, fall is quickly approaching. That means, preparing your home for the unpredictable temperatures by making sure both your furnace and air conditioner are working properly. By caring for and maintaining your home’s heating and cooling systems, you can ensure your comfort and safety through the changing seasons whilst reducing your power costs.

Here are the top 3 tips for maintaining your furnace and air conditioner:

Clean and replace filters regularly.

It’s important to clean or replace your furnace filters every 3 months, even during warmer seasons. Clogged filters reduce airflow and cause your furnace motor to work harder which uses more energy and consequently, increases your power costs. Proper filter maintenance and care prevents premature wear of your heating and cooling systems.

Keep area around condenser unit clear.

Most central air conditioners exchange hot air for cold through an outdoor compressor unit. In order to work optimally, these units need clear surroundings. Try to remove any debris or leaves around the unit and prune or trim any grass, weeds, or shrubs in the surrounding area to avoid obstruction of airflow from the condenser fan.

Be proactive with scheduling service calls.

Your furnace and air conditioner require regular professional maintenance so it’s important to schedule a service call with your technician at least once a year (ideally, at the beginning of the season) to help ensure they are working correctly. This helps keep your unit is in good working order and prevents breakdowns during peak season.

For all your heating and cooling maintenance, repair, and replacement needs, contact Aire One. With over 25 years of experience, competitive pricing, and 24 hour emergency service, you can rest assured you are receiving top quality care.

Rock Salt Delivery and Storage

If you’re buying in bulk, most major road salt suppliers will offer delivery of your order to your place of business.   Understandably, with a high demand of businesses needing road salt during the winter, it is unlikely you’ll get delivery on small amounts. However, there are many benefits to buying in bulk and furthermore, to arranging a constant supply of road salt to be delivered directly to you.  For starters, stockpiling will save you a great deal of time on having you pick up and move you supplies yourself.  It will also save you money when you buy in bulk and ensure that your supply of road salt is there when you need it most.

Let’s face it.  For those of us in the snow removal business, you can agree that you can never have too much salt.  In fact, you always want to ensure you have more than enough to ease you mind that you will be able to sustain your business throughout an entire season.

Many businesses are resorting to salt domes setup and provided by Draglam Salt in Toronto and the surrounding areas.  The salt domes are available in many different sizes depending on the needs of the business.  Domes range in sizes from 17-18 feet to 30-60 feet and have become a convenient and secure way to purchase and store their delivery of road salts in Toronto.

Discover ways you can grow your snow removal business with the products and services of Draglam Salt, Ontario’s supplier of choice for bulk and bagged salt services.

End of Summer Yard Maintenance Quick Tips

The beginning and end of every season is the perfect opportunity to do general yarn maintenance around your home.  As the seasons change, don’t you find there’s always something new to do and something old to clear out in the yard?  Guess it’s just a part of owning and taking care of a well kept garden and lawn!

As we near the end of Summer, here’s what you can do to keep your lawn and garden in tip top shape for the upcoming cold season:

  • Weed treatment is important to eliminate mature weed plants and give your lawn enough time to fill in the holes before it goes dormant over the winter.
  • Adding mulch is not a garden maintenance task we only do in the Spring.  By the end of Summer, you might notice areas that have been rustled with and need to be filled.  Often by the end of the Summer, you should be able to find some good deals and prices on mulch from your local garden centre.
  • If you have brick garden bed retainers, check to see if any bricks have gone out of alignment or need to be replaced.
  • Dead trees and bushes should be removed from the yard.
  • This is a good time to plan your flower beds for next season. If you can find bulb flowers now is the time to plant them for early flowers next spring.

Setting aside a couple hours to complete these tasks while the weather’s still warm can save you a lot of hassle after the winter season.  For all your garden and lawn care needs, contact the professionals at Cedar Ground Maintenance in Mississauga.

Best Bulk Road Salt Suppliers in Ontario

For most snow removal businesses in Ontario, it’s a year round job despite the fact that there is not snow typically from May to November each year.  During the off season, snow removal businesses work on strategies for efficiency, reaching out the clientele to secure their agreements, maintenancing vehicles and equipment, and ensuring their supply of road is guaranteed for the upcoming winter season.

In the Greater Toronto Area, businesses rely on Ontario’s choice supplier, Draglam Salt for bulk road salt and other deicing methods needed to get the job done as efficiently as possible.  There are strategically located depots in the major parts of the GTA for suppliers to obtain products, each location having specific product availability that can be viewed on the Draglam Salt website.  Businesses looking to arrange a bulk order for this Winter 2017-2018 can contact Draglam Salt 24-hours and speak to an expert who can assist in placing an order, delivery options are available.

Each season, it is possible for Ontarians to experience a shortage in the supply of bulk road salts due to supply and demand as a result of extreme weather conditions.  Which is why it is so important for snow removal businesses to order and store their supply of salt so that they can keep their business running all season long.  Draglam Salt understands that weather can be very unpredictable and is committed to ensuring that the supply of bulk and bagged road salts can be made available to businesses across the GTA when they need it most!

E-Gress Windows: Everything You Need To Know

Whether you are looking to replace the windows in your home or simply want to familiarize yourself with proper safety regulations, e-gress windows play an important role as they provide emergency exits in the event of a fire.

What are e-gress windows?

The term “egress” is defined as the action of going out or leaving a place. Similarly, e-gress windows must be large enough (determined by provincial regulations) for entry or exit in case of an emergency. Generally, they are required in specific locations in a house such as in the basement or in a bedroom. The windows must meet specific criteria such as size, quality, and various other requirements in order to qualify as an e-gress window.

It’s important to make sure you are hiring a contractor you trust to ensure your windows meet the provincial fire code standard. Failure to comply is both a violation of the law and extremely dangerous in the event of an emergency.

What is the minimum size of e-gress windows?

E-gress windows must have unobstructed openings with areas of at least 0.35 meters2 and with no dimension less than 380 millimeters. As well, It is recommended that the sill of the window is not higher than 1.5 meters above the floor for easy access in an emergency.

When should you get e-gress windows?

According to The Public Health Act, for buildings of 3 stories or less, each bedroom should have at least one outside window which may be opened from the inside without the use of tools or special knowledge.

If you live in the Greater Toronto Area, contact Custom Window Designs for all your window replacement and installation needs.


3 Ways To Make Planning Your Kids Birthday Party Easier

Planning a kids birthday party is no easy task; as an adult it can be hard to determine whether a particular theme or activity will be enjoyable, let alone keeping track of everything from the food, to invitations, to decorations. In order to ensure your birthday party is a success, it’s important to stay organized and plan ahead so you can be relaxed the day of the event.

Here are 3 ways to make planning your kids birthday party a seamless and stress-free experience:

Create a budget.

Before you get started on ordering food, buying supplies, and deciding on entertainment, take some time to devise a budget for yourself. This will help you stay on track and avoid overspending. Chances are you’ll be less stressed and more likely to remain within budget if you know how your money is being allocated.

Devise a pre-party timeline.

Devising a pre-party timeline can help you stay organized and ensure nothing is forgotten so you’re not running around at the last minute. Try to determine what you will do to prepare in the weeks leading up to the party. For example, a month before the event, you can choose a theme, determine the guest list, confirm your child’s best friends, and reserve a venue and entertainment. 3 weeks before the party you can mail invitations, purchase some party supplies and decorations, and start on making party favours. At week 2, you can call guests who have not yet responded. This means, in the days leading up to the party all you have to do is purchase the food, cake, and put up the decorations.

Develop an entertainment itinerary.

Unlike adults, who can do without constant entertainment at a birthday party, kids tend to get bored easily. Create an entertainment itinerary for the occasion; this can include allocating time slots to various games, paid entertainers, and arts and crafts. By creating a schedule, you can avoid lulls and ensure your guests are entertained throughout the party.

If you live in Toronto and are looking for an easy way to plan a kids birthday party that’s guaranteed to be a blast, check out Chocolate Tales, for a fun, interactive, pre-organized, chocolate making party that comes to you!